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Definitive Guide to Google Search Console


In digital marketing, staying ahead of the competition requires harnessing the power of tools that enhance your online visibility. Google Search Console, a powerful and free tool provided by Google, stands as a cornerstone in this endeavor. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into everything you need to know about Google Search Console from understanding how it works to troubleshooting common issues.

How Google Search Console Works

Google Search Console operates as a backstage pass to comprehending how your website appears in Google’s search results. It functions as a communication channel between website owners and Google’s search engine. 

By providing vital insights into how Google’s search engine crawls, indexes, and ranks your site, Search Console enables you to optimize your online presence, ensuring that your target audience discovers your content.

Setting Up Your Property

Setting up a property in Google Search Console is relatively straightforward. Google Search Console is a tool that allows website owners to monitor and manage how Googlebot interacts with their website. 

Property Types

Domain: This option covers all subdomains and protocols (http and https) of your domain.

domain property type - search console

URL Prefix: This option covers a specific URL path (e.g., https://www.example.com/blog/).

url prefix type property - search console

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to set up a property in Google Search Console:

  1. Log in to Google Search Console: Visit the Google Search Console website (https://search.google.com/search-console/) and log in with the Google account associated with the website you want to set up.
  2. Add a Property: After logging in, you’ll be on the Search Console dashboard. Click on the “+ Add Property” button.
  3. Choose Property Type: You’ll need to specify the type of property you want to add. You have two options:
  4. Enter Property Details: Depending on the property type you choose, provide the necessary details:
  5. Verify Ownership: To prove that you own the property, you need to verify it. Google offers several verification methods, such as uploading an HTML file, adding a meta tag to your website’s HTML, using Google Analytics, or using your domain provider. Choose the verification method that suits you best and follow the provided instructions. Verification is essential for accessing the data related to your property in Search Console.
  6. Verify and Access Property: Once you’ve completed the verification process, Google will verify your ownership. Once verified, you’ll be able to access the property’s data and settings in Google Search Console.
  7. Explore Search Console: After setting up the property and verifying ownership, you’ll have access to various reports and tools in Google Search Console. You can view search analytics, performance reports, index coverage, and other important insights about how your website appears in Google search results.

Remember that it might take some time for Google to start collecting and displaying data for your property in Search Console. Also, keep in mind that the user interface of Google tools can change over time, so the exact steps and options may vary slightly.

Additionally, make sure your website is properly configured for SEO to maximize the benefits of using Google Search Console. This includes submitting a sitemap, checking for crawl errors, and addressing any indexing issues.

Adding Users and Permissions

Google Search Console allows you to grant different levels of access to different users for managing your website’s data and settings. To add users and set permissions, follow these steps:

  1. Access Google Search Console: Log in to your Google Search Console account: https://search.google.com/search-console/
  2. Select the Property: If you have multiple properties (websites) added to Search Console, select the property for which you want to add users.
  3. Open Settings: Click on the gear icon (settings) in the bottom left corner of the left-hand sidebar.
  4. Permissions: Under “Users and permissions,” you’ll see a list of users who already have access. To add a new user, click the “Add user” button.
  5. Enter User Email: Enter the email address of the user you want to add. Make sure it’s the same email address associated with their Google account.
  6. Select Permission Level: There are three levels of permissions you can assign to a user:
    • Full: Full access to the property, including adding and removing users and changing settings.
    • Restricted: Can view all data but can’t perform certain actions like adding or removing users.
    • Unrestricted: Limited access to only certain predefined reports.
  7. Choose Permission Level: Select the appropriate permission level from the dropdown menu next to the user’s email address.
  8. Notify User: Check the box if you want to notify the user by email about their new access.
  9. Add User: Click the “Add” button to add the user with the specified permissions.

Please note:

  • Be cautious with permissions: Ensure that you only give the necessary level of access to each user. Not everyone needs full access.
  • Use Google Accounts: Users must have Google accounts associated with the email addresses you provide to grant them access.
  • Ownership Verification: Users might need to verify ownership of the property before they can be added as users.

Connecting Google Analytics

This integration will provide you with insights from your Google Search Console data directly within your Google Analytics account. Remember, you need to have the Editor role for the Google Analytics account and Owner permission for the Search Console account you want to link.

To connect Google Search Console to Google Analytics, follow these steps:

  1. Sign in to your Google Analytics account.
  2. Click on the “Admin” button in the lower-left corner.
  3. In the “Property” column, select “Property Settings.
  4. Scroll down to the “Search Console Settings” section.
  5. Ensure that the URL of your website is displayed, confirming verification in Search Console and your permission to make changes. If not, add your site to Search Console.
  6. Click the “Add” button to start Associating Google Search Console and Google Analytics properties. Follow the step by step on-screen instructions.
  7. Once you have selected the property you want to connect to search console
  8. Click “Save.”

Note: An Analytics property can be associated with only one site, and vice versa. Creating a new association removes the previously existing association.

Submitting Sitemap.xml

A sitemap.xml file acts as a roadmap for search engine crawlers, guiding them through the various pages and content on your website. Submitting your sitemap.xml file to Google Search Console enhances the crawl efficiency of your site:

1. Generate a Sitemap

Utilize a sitemap generator tool, or if you’re using a content management system (CMS) such as WordPress, consider using a sitemap plugin. These tools help create an organized sitemap.xml file.

xml sitemap generator tool

2. Submit to Search Console

In the Search Console dashboard, locate the “Sitemaps” section within the “Indexing” menu. Enter the URL of your sitemap.xml file and click “Submit.” Google will then begin the process of crawling and indexing the pages listed in your sitemap.

submit sitemap section

Common Google Search Console Issues and Solutions

Understanding and addressing common issues within Google Search Console is crucial for maintaining the optimal performance and visibility of your website. By familiarizing yourself with these issues and their effective solutions, you can enhance your website’s search engine ranking and user experience.

Additionally, it’s beneficial to have a solid grasp of Google Analytics 4 to complement your use of Google Search Console, as it provides deeper insights into your website’s performance. For more details, check out our guide on the benefits and challenges of Google Analytics 4.

Here are a few prevalent Google Search Console issues that you should be aware of, along with strategies to address them effectively:

1. Indexing Issues

If you notice a sudden decline in the number of indexed pages or suspect that some of your valuable content isn’t being indexed by Google, this could have a significant impact on your site’s visibility. In such cases, your go-to resource is the “Coverage” report in Google Search Console. 

This report offers detailed insights into the health of your indexed pages and potential issues that need your attention.

indexing issues

Common Indexing Issues and Solutions

  • Crawl Errors: These are instances where Google’s crawler, also known as Googlebot, encountered problems while attempting to access and crawl specific pages on your site. These errors might stem from broken links, server issues, or other technical problems. Address these errors promptly by fixing broken links, ensuring your server is responsive, and checking for any access restrictions.
  • Blocked by robots.txt: If certain pages are unintentionally blocked by your site’s robots.txt file, they won’t be indexed. Review your robots.txt file to ensure it’s correctly configured and doesn’t inadvertently block important pages.
  • Redirect Chains: Long redirect chains or loops can hinder Google’s ability to index your pages. Use the “Fetch as Google” tool in Search Console to identify and rectify these issues, ensuring smooth navigation through your site’s pages.

2. Mobile Usability Errors

In an era where mobile devices dominate internet usage, ensuring a seamless mobile experience is crucial for user satisfaction and search rankings. The “Mobile Usability” report within Google Search Console helps you identify and rectify issues that may be affecting user experience on mobile devices.

mobile usability issues

Common Mobile Usability Issues and Solutions

  • Text too small to read: Text that’s too small to read comfortably on mobile screens can lead to a poor user experience. Adjust font sizes to ensure readability on various devices.
  • Content wider than screen: Incorrect viewport settings can result in content not fitting properly within the screen, requiring users to scroll horizontally. Configure your viewport meta tag to ensure proper scaling on mobile devices.
  • Clickable Elements too close together: Elements that are placed too closely together can lead to accidental clicks or difficulty in interacting with the content. Provide enough spacing between clickable elements to enhance user experience.

3. Structured Data Errors

Structured data, represented in the form of schema markup, helps search engines understand the content and context of your pages better. Utilizing structured data correctly can lead to rich results, such as rich snippets, which enhance your website’s visibility and click-through rates in search results.

structured data issue

Common Structured Data Issues and Solutions

  • Invalid Markup: Incorrectly implemented structured data can lead to errors. Use Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool to validate your markup and fix any issues.
  • Missing Properties: Ensure that you’re including all the necessary properties for the type of structured data you’re implementing. Refer to Google’s official documentation for guidance.
  • Duplicate Markup: Avoid using the same structured data on multiple pages if it’s not applicable. Each page should have a unique, relevant markup.

4. Security Issues

A compromised website not only poses a threat to users but can also result in lower search rankings. The “Security & Manual Actions” section of Google Search Console alerts you to any security issues detected on your site or manual actions taken by Google.

security issues sample

Common Security Issues and Solutions

  • Malware Infection: If your site is flagged for malware, take immediate action to clean up the infection and secure your website. Scan all files and databases thoroughly and remove any malicious code.
  • Hacked Content: If your site has been hacked, hackers may inject malicious content or create spammy pages. Clean up the affected pages, close any vulnerabilities, and strengthen your website’s security measures.
  • Manual Actions: Google may take manual actions against your site if it violates its guidelines. Address the issues outlined in the manual action notification and submit a reconsideration request once you’ve rectified the problems.

5. Coverage Errors

The “Coverage” report in Google Search Console provides valuable insights into how Google crawls and indexes your site’s pages. Reviewing this report regularly helps you identify and resolve any coverage-related issues that might impact your site’s search performance.

Common Coverage Issues and Solutions

  • Crawl Errors: These errors occur when Googlebot encounters difficulties crawling your pages. Investigate the specific errors listed and resolve the underlying issues, such as broken links or server errors.
  • Excluded Pages: Google might exclude certain pages from indexing for various reasons, such as duplicate content, thin content, or canonicalization issues. Address these concerns by improving the quality of your content and ensuring proper canonical tags.

By being proactive in addressing these common Google Search Console issues and implementing the recommended solutions, you’ll not only optimize your website’s performance but also enhance its visibility and user experience in the competitive online landscape. Regularly monitor these reports and stay vigilant to ensure your site remains in optimal condition for search engines and users alike.


In conclusion, Google Search Console stands as an indispensable tool for webmasters and marketers seeking to optimize their online presence. 

By gaining a deep understanding of its features, setting up properties, integrating with Google Analytics, and tackling common issues head-on, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate online presence with confidence. 

Embrace continuous learning, stay vigilant, and witness your website’s performance soar as you harness the full potential of Google Search Console.

At Search Engine Hub, we’re committed to guiding you through the intricacies of Google Search Console and ensuring that you make the most of this powerful tool. 

Our team of SEO experts specializes in utilizing Google Search Console to its fullest potential, helping you identify and rectify issues, enhance your site’s visibility, and drive sustainable growth.

Contact us today to discover how we can collaborate to elevate your online presence and achieve remarkable results.

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